Sabtu, 16 Maret 2013

[daarut-tauhiid] Bahasa Arab Dasar 15: Isim (kata benda) Ma'rifat (khusus) dan Nakirah (umum)

Bahasa Arab Dasar 15: Isim (kata benda) Ma'rifat (khusus) dan Nakirah (umum)

Author: Badar Online | Posted: 23-11-2008 | Category: Dasar, Nahwu


ÊóÞúÓöíúãõ ÇáÇöÓúãö ÈöÇáäøóÙóÑö Åöáóì ÊóÚúíöíúäöåö

(Pembagian Isim Ditinjau Dari Segi Kejelasannya)



1. Isim Nakiroh

Isim Nakiroh adalah isim yang belum jelas penunjukannya

Contoh:

ãõÓúáöãñ (Seorang muslim)

ßöÊóÇÈõ ØóÇáöÈò (Buku seorang mahasiswa)



2. Isim Ma'rifat

Isim Ma'rifat adalah isim yang sudah jelas penunjukannya

Contoh:

ÚõãóÑõ (Umar)

ßöÊóÇÈõ ãõÍóãøóÏò (Buku Muhammad)

Macam-macam isim ma'rifat

1. Dhomir (kata ganti orang)

Contoh:

åõæó – ÃóäúÊó – ÃóäóÇ

2. Isim Isyaroh (kata penunjuk)

Contoh:

åóÐóÇ – ÐóÇáößó

3. Isim Maushul (kata sambung)

Contoh:

ÇóáøóÐöíú- ÇóáøóÐöíúäó

4. 'Alam (nama orang)

Contoh:

ÚõãóÑõ – ãõÍóãøóÏñ – ÎóÏöíúÌóÉõ

5. Isim yang ada alif dan lam

Contoh:

ÇóáúÈóíúÊõ - ÇóáúãöÕúÈóÇÍõ – ÇóáúãóÓúÌöÏõ

6. Isim yang disandarkan pada isim ma'rifat yang lain

Contoh:

ßöÊóÇÈõ ãõÍóãøóÏò - ÕóÇÍöÈõ ÇáÈóíúÊö

Catatan:

1. Isim Nakiroh biasanya mempunyai harokat akhir yang bertanwin

Contoh:

ãõÓúáöãñ – ãöÕúÈóÇÍñ

2. Nama orang walaupun bertanwin tetap dikatakan sebagai isim ma'rifat dan bukan sebagai isim nakiroh.

Contoh:

ãõÍóãøóÏñ – ÒóíúÏñ

3. Apabila suatu isim disandarkan pada isim nakiroh, maka dia adalah isim nakiroh. Namun apabila disandarkan pada isim ma'rifat, maka dia adalah juga sebagai isim ma'rifat.

Contoh:

ßöÊóÇÈõ ØóÇáöÈò - ßöÊóÇÈõ ãõÍóãøóÏò
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